“O’n” University established in Egypt about 5000 years ago is the oldest university in history. Al-Azhar University, founded by the Fatimids in 970 AD, is one of the oldest operating universities in the world. In the modern history, through donations by the Egyptians, the first national Egyptian university, Cairo University, was founded in 1908. In Egypt, currently (April 2015) there are 23 public universities, 23 private universities and hundreds of higher institutes. These together with Al-Azhar University has about two and half million students and a yearly admission of about half a million students. This makes higher education system in Egypt one of the largest and most diverse in the region, but it still has great potential for development and growth. In this chapter, higher education in Egypt and its development are discussed in the context of the country’s political system changes, security situation and socioeconomic background. Twelve figures and two tables support information in the chapter. Structure and regulatory framework of higher education are explained; the absence of the problem of gender disparity and some achievements of females in higher education identified and numerous different aspect of Internationalisation of Higher Education are specified. The answer for the question of foreign students, Why study in Egypt? As provided by QS Top Universities is given, together with the potential for opening new foreign universities or branches for international universities that provide quality education in Egypt. Development initiatives of Higher Education in Egypt that took place in two phases are described. Establishing the first accreditation agency in the region, National Authority for Quality Assurance and Accreditation of Education (NAQAAE) is one of the outcomes the first phase (2002-2007). The second phase (2007-2012) achieved numerous developments in education, scientific research and innovations through the Programme of Continuous Improvement and Qualifying for Accreditation (PCIQA) and its Competitive Projects and Awards components. It is shown how the impact of the higher education development has extended to the Egyptian society and economy and was not limited to Egypt, but was transferred producing higher education developments in many other countries in the region. The higher education developments in the previous years leading up to the Arab Spring were one of the main enablers of crucial influence for the uprising. However, as the Arab Spring turned out to be a windy one, in the short term it had adverse effects on almost nearly every aspect of development in Egypt, including higher education. The chapter ends with optimistic forecast, with reasons, that Egypt will regain the momentum and start developing and continue enlightening the world. (Author's abstract)
للمزيد من الدقة يرجى التأكد من أسلوب صياغة المرجع وإجراء التعديلات اللازمة قبل استخدام أسلوب (APA) :
Radwan, Mostafa Mohsen. (2016). Arab republic of Egypt . In Higher education in the Middle East and North Africa : exploring regional and country specific potentials. (pp. 11-39 ). تم استرجاعه من search.shamaa.org .